on July 7, 2016
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on July 7, 2016
Bimaxillary protrusion is a condition whereby the tooth-bearing parts of both the upper and lower jaws are positioned further forward than the base of the jaws. It is not strictly speaking a deformity unless it is excessively developed. In fact it is within the ethnic norm for Chinese and Malays. Nevertheless, many patients seek treatment for it as the societal norm now is that a straighter profile is considered more aesthetic. For most patients, orthodontic treatment with extraction of premolars will suffice. Those with more pronounced protrusion will require surgery to achieve the results that they want. However, there is a group of patients who do not want to have orthodontics as their jobs do not allow them to have orthodontic brackets bonded to their teeth for two to three years. Can they have corrective jaw surgeryto treat their bimaxillary protrusion without orthodontics?
In general, orthognathic surgery should always be done in conjunction with orthodontics because the movement of the jaw segments is too imprecise to achieve an proper alignment and bite. Without a proper alignment and bite, there may be instability to the results of the surgery because the segments may shift without the benefit of a definitive occlusion.
However, many patients with bimaxillary protrusion have very good occlusion to start with. The teeth are well aligned and straight. They seek treatment primarily to effect a change of facial appearance. For this group, while it is not ideal, it is possible to surgically correct the bimaxillary protrusion without orthodontics.
Without orthodontics, the surgical planning needs to be much more precise as there is no fine tuning of the occlusion postoperatively. Typically, surgical correction of bimaxillary protrusion consists of the following procedures:
All the segments are fixed in their new positions using titanium plates and screws. This allows rigid fixation of the segments three-dimensionally and that enables the patient to eat soft diet right from the first postoperative day.
Sometimes, temporary fixation screws are placed into strategic locations in the jaw for attachment of elastics postoperatively. These are mini rubber bands that when connected to these screws can be used to finetune the position of the segments that may be pulled slightly out of alignment by muscle attachments.
Multi-segment jaw surgery is more time consuming compared with full arch surgery as the occlusion needed to be fitted for each segment. Consequently, recovery will take a bit longer as well. However, the extra recovery time of a few weeks is short compared with the orthodontic treatment duration. Ultimately, it is best to have orthodontic in conjunction with surgery to achieve an ideal result.
As an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, Dr. S L Chan manages a wide variety of problems relating to the mouth, teeth and facial regions. Dr. Chan practices a full scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery with expertise ranging from Dental Implant Surgery and Wisdom Tooth Removal to Corrective Jaw Surgery. This also includes techniques designed to rebuild bone structure with minimal surgical intervention and optimal patient comfort. We can also diagnose and treat Facial Pain, Facial Injuries and Fractures.
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